Carnival Corporation cruise ships put Arctic, Subarctic marine mammals at risk, groundbreaking new map shows

Carnival Corporation cruise ships put Arctic, Subarctic marine mammals at risk, groundbreaking new map shows

February 6, 2019

SEATTLE — A groundbreaking new interactive map released today by the international Clean Up Carnival coalition shows that nearly half of Carnival Corporation cruise ships traveling through the Arctic and Subarctic pass near or through critical habitats for marine mammals including orca, walrus, and bowhead, narwhal, and beluga whales.

The map details information on ship names, ship routes, the amount of heavy fuel oil carried onboard, the amount of heavy fuel oil burned in the Arctic and Subarctic, and CO2 and black carbon emissions for all Carnival Corporation ships that traveled from 50°N latitude and above in 2017. The map also shows historical data on oil spills from across the shipping sector (tankers, tugs, etc) including vessel name, fuel type, and spill amount.

The Clean Up Carnival coalition is calling on Carnival Corporation — the world’s largest cruise operator — to stop carrying and using heavy fuel oil on ships traveling to the Arctic and Subarctic. A spill of this thick, residual oil in this fragile marine environment would be nearly impossible to clean up. In addition, black carbon emissions from the combustion of heavy fuel oil accelerate sea ice melt and contribute to global sea level rise.

It is generally agreed upon that Arctic waters are 60°N latitude and above; however, the Subarctic is more loosely defined. For the purposes of this map, the Subarctic is defined as 50°N latitude and above, which encompasses Southeast Alaska and Northern British Columbia.

The British Columbia coast is home to the threatened Northern Resident Killer Whales and critically endangered Southern Resident Killer WhalesNarwhal whales and two populations of bowhead whales are listed as species of special concern by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. In addition, the Bering-Chukchi-Beaufort Sea population of bowhead whale is listed as a species of special concern under Canada’s Species at Risk Act. The Cook Inlet population of beluga whale is listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act.

The International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) definition of the Arctic does not follow the 60°N latitude definition — it instead excludes Iceland and the Norwegian mainland. Greenland and the Norwegian archipelago Svalbard, where heavy fuel oil is already banned in most places, are within the IMO-defined Arctic.

“Marine ecology does not follow human-created boundaries, and unfortunately, neither does pollution. Not only could a spill of heavy fuel oil have a long-term, detrimental impact on the critical habitat of several Arctic marine mammals, but the black carbon emissions from cruise ships burning heavy fuel oil put the fragile ecosystems of the Arctic and Subarctic at serious risk,” said Kendra Ulrich, Senior Shipping Campaigner at

“Carnival brands dominate cruise traffic in Southeast Alaska. They bring passengers on breathtaking journeys and offer economic opportunity to communities. But, there’s no reason to pollute local towns, and cruise passengers, by burning the world’s dirtiest fuel,” said Jim Gamble, Senior Arctic Program Officer at Pacific Environment.

“This map is groundbreaking and will educate and empower indigenous communities who are most affected by Carnival’s pollution in the Arctic. They have lived in the region for thousands of years, still rely on a healthy environment and abundant wildlife, and have to live with Carnival’s reckless ecological decisions. They now have a tool to monitor Carnival to help protect their livelihoods,” said Verner Wilson III, Senior Oceans Campaigner at Friends of the Earth US.

“This map shows just how many Carnival Corporation cruise ships are sailing the coastal Subarctic waters in Europe and specifically along the coast of Norway, which includes UNESCO world heritage sites. Although not defined as IMO Arctic, nonetheless these areas are sites of vulnerable ecology, nature and heritage which deserves protection,” said Dr Lucy Gilliam, Aviation & Shipping Officer at Transport & Environment. 

The map findings include:

  • Of the 103 ships in Carnival’s global fleet in 2017, 49 ships — nearly 50% — operated in the Arctic and Subarctic. These ships pass near and through critical habitats for marine mammals including orca, walrus, and bowhead, narwhal, and beluga whales.

The 49 Carnival Corporation cruise ships included in the map: 

  • Emitted 147 tons of black carbon in the Arctic and Subarctic in 2017. Cruise ships emit approximately three times the amount of black carbon as cargo ships.
  • Burned approximately 466,000 metric tons of heavy fuel oil in the Arctic and Subarctic in 2017. That’s enough heavy fuel oil to fill the Empire State Building halfway to the top.
  • Emitted approximately 1.5 million metric tons of COin the Arctic and Subarctic in 2017. That’s equivalent to the annual emissions of more than 300,000 cars.

Carnival Corporation is the largest cruise line operator in the world with over 40% of the global market share and ten brands that operate worldwide. Carnival Corporation brands that travel to the Arctic and Subarctic include Princess Cruises, Holland America, AIDA, P&O UK, Costa, and Cunard and Seabourn (which are both listed as “other” in the map).

Clean Up Carnival member organizations include (North America); Transport & Environment (Europe); Friends of the Earth (US); and Pacific Environment (North America and Asia). Learn more at


Media contact: Virginia Cleaveland, Press Secretary,, 510-858-9902 (US) or 778-984-3994 (Canada)

Investigation: Air quality on Carnival Corp cruise ships can be worse than some of world’s most polluted cities

Investigation: Air quality on Carnival Corp cruise ships can be worse than some of world’s most polluted cities

January 24th, 2019

SAN FRANCISCO, CA — A new investigative report released today details the shocking findings of a two-year study exposing extremely poor air quality on four Carnival Corporation ships that can be worse than some of the world’s most polluted cities including Beijing, China and Santiago, Chile.

The report, titled “An investigation of air pollution on the decks of 4 cruise ships” was authored by Dr. Ryan Kennedy, an assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. The study was commissioned by international environmental organization

“More than 30 million people worldwide are expected to go on a cruise in 2019, and these cruise passengers and staff may be exposed to concerning levels of air pollution that could impact their health. Despite being on the open sea, they can be breathing dirty air worse than some of the world’s most polluted cities,” said Dr. Ryan Kennedy, a researcher at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.


The study measured ultrafine particulate pollution from multiple locations on four cruise ships, both in port and at sea over multi-day cruises. The ships — operating under the Carnival, Holland America, and Princess lines — left from Port Canaveral, Florida to the Bahamas; from Galveston, Texas to the Western Caribbean and Mexico; from Vancouver, British Columbia to Los Angeles, California; and from Los Angeles, California, to Mexico.

While less studied than fine particulate pollution, ultrafine particulate pollution can be detrimental to human health because of the increased toxicity. Ultrafine particles can have thousands of times more surface area than fine particles and are small enough to be inhaled into a person’s lungs and move into the bloodstream, where they can cause higher rates of cardiovascular disease and asthma. Recent studies have suggested that ultrafine particles may be the most dangerous to human health, and that particulate matter from ship exhaust may be to blame for tens of thousands of annual deaths.

“Extremely high levels of air pollution measured on these Carnival Corporation ships suggest this pollution could pose serious health risks to passengers, staff, and people living in port and coastal communities. The most shocking finding from this study is that pollution was often highest near the stern of the ships, where passengers are encouraged to exercise. This study should be a warning sign for anyone considering booking a cruise, but especially for vulnerable groups such as the elderly and young children or anyone with cardiovascular problems,” said Kendra Ulrich, Senior Shipping Campaigner at


One of’s core programs works to reduce the climate and human health impacts of the shipping industry. is urging Carnival Corporation to transition away from using heavy fuel oil (HFO) to power its ships and immediately switch to a cleaner-burning fuel while installing filters to help reduce ultrafine particulate pollution. Ultimately, wants Carnival Corporation, the world’s largest cruise operator, to transition away from fossil-fuel powered ships completely.

“Carnival Corporation claims sustainability and human rights are core company values, but its policies continue to threaten its clients and the environment. Most of Carnival’s global fleet burns heavy fuel oil — the dirtiest fossil fuel available for marine transportation. This study exposes the health consequences of using this bottom-of-the-barrel oil coupled with inadequate pollution filters, simply because it’s dirt cheap. Carnival’s own customers could be subsidizing the company’s profits with their health,” said Ulrich.


Some of the findings from the study include:

  • While all four ships were traveling at sea, average particle counts were significantly higher in the areas behind the smokestacks (stern).
  • Particle counts on the Holland America MS Amsterdam were approximately eight times higher on the stern areas than on the bow.
  • Particle counts on the Carnival Freedom measured as high as 73,621 particles per cubic centimeter (pt/cc) near the running track while at sea.
  • Particle counts on the Princess Cruises Emerald Princess measured as high as 157,716 pt/cc on the lower stern while at sea.

In comparison, pollution measurements taken with the same equipment in Beijing, China in 2009 were 30,000 pt/cc on a busy street, and in Santiago, Chile in 2011-2012 were in the ranges of 8,000-30,100 pt/cc.

In addition to the report’s documented air pollution impacts on cruise passengers and staff, studies have shown approximately 70% of ship emissions occur within 250 miles of land, potentially exposing millions of unsuspecting people to dangerous air pollution levels and raising serious health concerns for coastal cities and port communities.


All four ships in this study have scrubbers installed, an exhaust-cleaning technology designed to reduce sulfur air emissions. This allows the ships to burn heavy fuel oil inside most of the North American and Caribbean Emissions Control Areas, where there are strict limits on emissions. In California, where scrubbers are banned within 24 miles from shore, ships are required to switch to a cleaner-burning fuel.

“Carnival claims its scrubbers significantly reduce air emissions. This report’s continuous elevated readings indicate that even in California, where Carnival Corporation is required to switch to a cleaner-burning fuel, air pollution on board remains a serious concern. That’s why Carnival must not only switch to a cleaner-burning fuel, but also install adequate pollution filters to help prevent this dangerous ultrafine particulate pollution from impacting the health of its passengers and staff,” said Ulrich.

As air pollution becomes an increasing concern for global health officials — including the head of the World Health Organization who recently called air pollution “the new tobacco” — Carnival’s use of heavy fuel oil is putting human health at serious risk., Clean Arctic Alliance hail IMO move to ban heavy fuel oil from Arctic shipping, Clean Arctic Alliance hail IMO move to ban heavy fuel oil from Arctic shipping

Carnival Stop Polluting The Climate - AIR POLLUTION SHIP RANKING 2017LONDON —, a member of the Clean Arctic Alliance international coalition, today applauded progress by International Maritime Organization Member States toward banning use of the world’s dirtiest fuel — heavy fuel oil — from Arctic shipping. urged Member States to make every effort to adopt and rapidly implement a ban by 2021, as proposed by eight Member States and supported by other countries during the meeting.

Plans to develop a ban on heavy fuel oil (HFO) from Arctic shipping, along with an assessment of the impact of such a ban, were agreed upon during the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC72), which closed today in London. The meeting directed a sub-committee (PPR6) to develop a ban on heavy fuel oil use and carriage for use by ships in the Arctic, “on the basis of an assessment of the impacts” and “on an appropriate timescale” [1].

“Arctic communities and ecosystems will be protected from the threat of oil spills and the impact of soot emissions on accelerated sea ice melt, thanks to the inspired and motivated action taken by a number of Member States to move toward a ban on heavy fuel oil,” said Kendra Ulrich, Senior Shipping Campaigner with “Ending the use of heavy fuel oil in the Arctic waters is the most effective way to avoid the environmental threats it poses to this fragile ecosystem.”

“It may take several years for the full adoption and implementation of the heavy fuel oil ban at the IMO. Industry actors that use heavy fuel oil, such as cruise industry giant Carnival Corporation, are not bound to these same diplomatic timelines. They can and must follow the lead of the IMO and act now to end their use of the world’s dirtiest fossil fuel,” said Ulrich.

The strongly-worded proposal to ban HFO as shipping fuel from Arctic waters was co-sponsored by Finland, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the US [2]. This, along with a proposal to assess the impact of such ban on Arctic communities proposed by Canada, was supported by Denmark — the sixth Arctic nation to back the ban — along with Australia, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Ireland, Japan, the League of Arab States, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and the UK.

“I am grateful that IMO has advanced a ban on HFO to help protect Arctic communities and our traditional way of life. For thousands of years we have relied on our pristine waters and wildlife – and now the IMO has taken this important step to help protect our people and environment,” said Verner Wilson, an Alaskan and Clean Arctic Alliance member. Wilson is the Senior Oceans Campaigner for Friends of the Earth US, and a member of Curyung Tribal Council. He has Yupik family roots in the Bering Strait region between Russia and the US.

Despite actors in the shipping sector pushing for other risk mitigation options in an effort continue use of heavy fuel oil, there is widespread support for banning HFO in the Arctic. In stark contrast to Carnival, which is installing scrubbers to meet stricter fuel standards that aim to reduce sulphur oxides (SOx) emissions rather than switching to cleaner fuels from dirty HFO, the Association of Arctic Expedition Cruise Operators (AECO) supports banning HFO use in the Arctic. The Norwegian Shipowners Association and icebreaker company Arctia have also expressed their support for a ban.

The IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee also approved a draft plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions across the shipping sector.

“While not as ambitious as it could be, the greenhouse gas reduction strategy is a positive step down the path to addressing the shipping industry’s significant climate footprint. It is clear that continuing to burn a fossil fuel so dirty it is classified as hazardous waste on land is incompatible with addressing the urgent and immediate climate crisis,” said Kendra Ulrich, Senior Shipping Campaigner with

“The shipping industry must end its use of heavy fuel oil, starting with the Arctic and sub-Arctic. urges Carnival cruises and its ten subsidiaries to show it can live up to the environmental image it portrays. It is past time for Carnival to end its use of heavy fuel oil and lead the way toward the clean shipping future,” said Ulrich.


[1] In addition to assessing the impact of a ban on communities and developing a ban on HFO use and carriage as fuel in the Arctic, the Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR) meeting PPR 6, which will be held in February 2019 will develop a definition of HFO taking into account regulation 43 of MARPOL Annex I (the Antarctic HFO ban) and prepare a set of guidelines on mitigation measures to reduce risks of use and carriage of HFO as fuel by ships in Arctic waters.

[2] The proposal, Development Of Measures to Reduce Risks Of Use and Carriage Of Heavy Fuel Oil as Fuel By Ships in Arctic Waters: Proposal to ban heavy fuel oil use and carriage as fuel by ships in Arctic waters, was submitted by Finland, Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States. The text includes:

“A single HFO spill could have devastating and lasting effects on fragile Arctic marine and coastal environments. In addition, Arctic shipping is projected to continue to rise, thus increasing the risk of a spill. For these reasons, the ban on HFO should be implemented as soon as possible, and any delay in implementation of the HFO ban by eligible ships should be short-lived… The co-sponsors propose that the implementation date of the ban be set for no later than the end of 2021.”


Media contacts: 
Virginia Cleaveland, Press Secretary,,, 510-858-9902 (PDT)
Kendra Ulrich, Senior Shipping Campaigner,, +44 7586 049670  (London GMT +1/PDT +8)

Arctic and Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO): Learnings from the Sanchi Oil Tanker Disaster

Arctic and Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO): Learnings from the Sanchi Oil Tanker Disaster

On Jan 6th, a Panamanian-flagged Iranian crude oil tanker, the Sanchi, crashed into a Chinese freighter ship, the CF Crystal, in open waters off the coast of Shanghai. The Sanchi used HFO to power its engines and was carrying a cargo of 136,000 tons (approximately 40 million gallons or over 60 Olympic swimming pools) of a type of ultra-light, highly flammable crude oil called condensate. The tanker burned for over week, and finally exploded and sank beneath the waves on January 14th. All 32 crew members were lost.

In addition to the tragic loss of human life, the ecological disaster continues to unfold—and may continue to threaten human and environmental health for years to come. This is the largest spill of condensate in history—perhaps the largest tanker spill in 35 years–and no one is completely certain what the consequences will be.

No one knows how much HFO may be leaking from the sunken Sanchi tanker, but researchers are concerned about the potential long-term impacts. In the event of an accident, this thick hazardous waste oil is not only toxic to marine life but persists in the environment for a very long time. It is likely that the fuel tanks will continue to slowly leak over a long period of time, potentially causing significant localized impacts.

Many fish species are highly sensitive to reproductive and other abnormalities from the compounds in HFO (such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs) —and the area where the Sanchi sank includes important spawning and wintering grounds for commercially important species, such as Bluefin leatherjacket, sword tip squid, and chub mackerel, among others. It’s also in the migratory pathway of marine mammals like humpback and right whales. 

Very little of the Sanchi’s oil has been recovered, but regardless of weather, there is no effective response to an oil tanker disaster. A typical recovery rate of conventional crude spilled in a marine environment—where it floats on water and evaporates more slowly than condensate—is around 10 to 15% of the crude spilled. In the Arctic, the response gap for oil spills means that much of the time any recovery at all is impossible. That means a spill of toxic petroleum products like HFO will impact the environment for years afterward.

In fact, the International Maritime Organization has already banned ships from using HFO in the Antarctic because of the risk to these delicate ecosystems with such harsh, unforgiving weather. And compared to the Antarctic, there are far more shipping routes in the Arctic.

Even without a tragedy like the Sanchi oil tanker disaster, burning HFO to power ships poses a serious and immediate threat to the Arctic environment. When burned, HFO not only releases large amounts of global warming causing greenhouse gases (GHGs) but also releases large amounts of soot, also called black carbon. Soot is particularly problematic in places like the Arctic, where it settles on Arctic sea ice. Because soot retains heat, rather than reflecting solar radiation back out to space the way white sea ice does, it accelerates the rate at which the ice in the Arctic is melting. Black carbon is responsible for 7-21% of shipping’s climate warming impact. 

That’s why is fighting to keep HFOs out of the delicate and imperiled Arctic waters.

HFO risks are especially problematic when juxtaposed with the threat of cruise ships in the Arctic, which provide no value outside of recreation.  While cruisers are going on Arctic voyages to appreciate the unique environment and wildlife found only there, the very ships they sail on are burning the most dangerous possible fuel for that same ecosystem, while spewing greenhouse gases and ice-melting black carbon throughout this otherwise pristine environment.

The cruise industry must step up and take responsibility for minimizing its impacts on the beautiful places its clients are paying to see. We’re asking the largest cruise ship company in the world, Carnival Corporation with its 10 total brands, to clean up its #DirtyShips and stop burning hazardous HFOs in the Arctic.

Join us in asking Carnival to clean up its act. Sign our petition here.

Cruise News

Cruising may be the best way to see some of the world’s most exotic locations, but cruising also affects the health and vitality of the oceans, seas, and communities where cruise ships operate. That makes protecting the environment and biodiversity a critical area of focus for the cruise industry.

Travel agents are the most important link between customers and the cruise industry, with nearly 70 percent of travelers booking their cruise through a travel agent.[1] That means travel agents can play a major part in the quest to make cruising sustainable.

That’s why, a leading environmental organization, is launching Cruise News, a regular newsletter and news alert service, to keep travel agents up to date on cruising and the environment.


Last month a US federal judge imposed a $40 million fine on Carnival Corporation’s Princess Cruise Lines for illegally dumping oil contaminated waste and intentionally acting to cover it up. The judge also ordered that the engineer who alerted authorities be paid $1 million. According to a poll on, the first online community for the Travel and Tourism Industry, almost 70% of the travel trade agreed with the whistleblower’s action.[2]
More news to come!

Attention Travel Agents:
Please submit your stories, questions, and comments to

Campaign against Carnival Cruise Lines Escalates

Campaign against Carnival Cruise Lines Escalates

Seattle WA — Today at Seattle’s cruise ship terminal, climate activists exposed Carnival Corporation’s climate pollution with a colorful action. The action involved large banners that read “Clean Up Carnival” and activists dressed as dolphins and polar bears interacting with passengers. Spearheaded by Washington-based and Seattle 350, the action is part of the escalating campaign against Carnival Corporation, the largest cruise company in the world. The campaign challenges the company to protect the climate by reducing its greenhouse gas emissions and its use of dirty fuels.

Carnival’s climate pollution has increased 20% over the past decade because it powers its ships with the dirtiest fuel in the world, Heavy Fuel Oil. In 2015 alone, Carnival and its fleet of ships produced the equivalent of greenhouse gas emissions from driving almost 2.2 million cars for one year. On a per passenger basis, each Carnival passenger produces almost 2,111 pounds of CO2 per trip in 2015, or the equivalent of greenhouse gas emissions from driving a car 2,295 miles.

“While much of the world grapples with how to reduce climate pollution, Carnival continues to increase its climate footprint at a dizzying rate,” said Sean Rudolph of “Carnival’s disregard of the need for climate stability feels especially ironic given that Carnival ferries its passengers to iconic environmental wonders around the world, such as the Arctic, which are directly threatened by it’s irresponsible pollution.”

The shipping and cruise industry currently account for nearly 3% of global carbon dioxide emissions and is on track to increase emissions between 50 and 250 percent in the next 35 years, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Part of the reason for the industry’s massive climate pollution footprint is because most ships are powered by the dirtiest fuel in the world. This fuel, called Heavy Fuel Oil, is so dirty that on land it’s considered a hazardous waste.

The use of Heavy Fuel Oil is permitted for use at sea despite the fact that:

  • Heavy Fuel Oil spills are impossible to clean up when there is an accident;
  • Exhaust from burning Heavy Fuel Oil causes cancer and other
cardiovascular diseases and it is responsible for the premature deaths of tens
of thousands of people every year; and
  • Heavy Fuel Oil exhaust contains black carbon which contributes to
global warming. Almost 50% of the warming within the Arctic is attributed to
black carbon.

That’s why Seattle and are pushing Carnival to commit to cleaning up its dirty ships. Upcoming actions will feature youth environmental ambassadors from Plant for the Planet interacting with cruise passengers, Mosquito Fleet kayaktivists organizing to surround ships, and actions to educate an Oprah-branded cruise to Alaska., formerly ForestEthics, challenges corporations and governments to put the health and well-being of people and the environment first, because all of our lives depend on it. For more information, visit

CONTACT: Kendra Ulrich,, Senior Shipping Campaigner –

Carnival uses the dirtiest fuel on earth – Heavy Fuel Oil

Carnival uses the dirtiest fuel on earth – Heavy Fuel Oil

Carnival Pollution GraphicCarnival Cruise Lines’ massive ships carry tens of thousands of passengers to some of the most beautiful destinations in the world. But lurking under its all-you-eat buffets, entertainment, and deck side pools lies a dirty secret: Its boats are powered by the dirtiest fuel on the planet – heavy fuel oil.

Here’s the dirt on heavy fuel oil:

  • Spills are impossible to clean up if there’s an accident due to its high viscosity.
  • Its exhaust causes cancer and other cardiovascular diseases, making it responsible for ten of thousands of premature deaths every year.
  • Burning heavy fuel oil creates black carbon, a huge contributor to global warming and the melting of the Arctic sea ice.

This summer, Carnival is partnering with high profile celebrities like Oprah Winfrey for what will likely be Carnival’s biggest Seattle-to-Alaska cruise season ever. And will be there every step of the way to call on Carnival to stop using the dirtiest fuel on the planet.

Help ban Heavy Fuel Oil use in the Arctic. Tweet at Carnival and urge them to take a simple step by freeing the Arctic of their heavy oil.

Carnival: Stop Dogging the Climate

Carnival: Stop Dogging the Climate

Clean Up Carnival - Investigative report calls on Carnival to stop polluting the climate.Last week, Carnival, the world’s largest cruise company, was at the Westminster Dog Show to promote its luxury cruise brand, called the Cunard Line. activists were right there too, crashing the event to spread the word about the massive amounts of pollution created by Carnival’s ships.

Over the past decade, Carnival has increased its climate pollution by nearly 20%. While other industries are reducing their climate pollution, Carnival and the shipping industry are among the fastest growing sources of climate pollution and will account for nearly 20% of global climate pollution by 2050. In fact, Carnival’s fleet of ships produces as much climate pollution as 2.2 million cars, (roughly the number of cars registered in New York City.) That’s not good for anyone, including our four-legged friends at Westminster.

As the largest and most profitable cruise company in the world, Carnival has both the means and the responsibility to end its climate pollution.’s campaign to hold Carnival and the cruise industry accountable for polluting the climate is just getting started and with help from activists like yourself we look forward to pushing Carnival to clean up its act.